Dr. Mackey has served as a director since June 2015. She is the Chief Executive Officer of CYPrus Therapeutics, Inc., Chairman of the Board of Directors of Cour Pharma, and a member of the Board of Directors of Viventia Bio, Inc., and Evolve Biosystems, Inc.. She serves as an Advisor to Fortis Advisors, FHOOSH, Inc. and Cypher Genomics. In addition, Dr. Mackey is a member of the Board of Trustees of Rady Children’s Hospital and is past-chair of CONNECT. Dr. Mackey was Sr. VP of Global R&D, Pfizer Inc from 2001 through 2010. Prior to that, she held executive positions at Pfizer, as head of Strategic Alliances and Genomic and Proteomic Sciences, and at Monsanto and DEKALB Genetics. Dr. Mackey received her B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in microbiology from Cornell University.